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Soil and Water Testing Lab Analyst

Soil is the most important input for human being. It’s providing food, nutrition, environment and ecosystem services for the living organisms. Soil health is deteriorated due to continuous exhausting the nutrients from the soil through different crops without adding in balance proportion. Soil organic carbon is very essential for the microbial activities and nutrient transformations. It is also decreased very fast after green revolution and reached up to 0.4 per cent in the Indo-Ganagatic Plains which is the alarming stage for the management immediately for our sustainable food production system. Total seventeen (17) essential elements are required for plant growth and also identify some nutrients which considered as beneficial for some plants. Supply of the nutrients in balance proportion on site specific by soil testing is essential for proper growth and quality of the plant through Soil Health Cards (SHC’s). Keeping the importance of the soil health, United Nations declared the ‘International Year of Soils’ for the Year 2015 and International Union of Soil Science declared the International Decades of Soils ‘2015-2024’. It’s urgent need to maintain soil health for the sustainable food production and ecosystem management. Some other factors like salinity-sodicity is also affect the soils and ultimately the crops. Management of saline and sodic soil is also included in this course.
This course will be focused on the laboratory exercise on physico-chemical analysis, sodic soil management, soil fertility evaluation, water analysis, soil and water management, soil health cards etc.
Brief Job Description: The individual is responsible for conducting soil & water test and interpreting the soil analysis results in relation to the soil fertility management. S/he prepares the ‘Soil & Water Health Card’ illustrating the desired cropping pattern, soil amendments & integrated nutrient management, irrigation & water management to be undertaken.
Personal Attributes: This job requires the individual to work specifically as per the Lab’s protocol. Requires clarity and should be detail oriented. The individual should be laborious and should have inclination to new learnings, perform multiple tasks simultaneously, keep accurate records and comply with organization’s policies.
Organizational Context
The individual on the job needs to know and understand:
1. Effective working relationships and how to work effectively with co workers, customers and seniors
2. Organizational needs and time management

Course Reference ID:   AGR/Q8103



240 Hours

No. of seats



Educational qualification


Graduate in Science/ Agriculture

Age group


20-35 years

Course fee


Rs.10,000 (Rs. 20,000 for industry sponsored)





  • Overview of the soil fertility problems in India and their management
  • Laboratory exercise for physico-chemical analysis of the soil
  • Saline-sodic soils and their management
  • Crop residue management & organic farming
  • Nutrient cycling in the soils and plants
  • PGPR for crop production and soil health management
  • Crops and cropping systems for soil fertility management

    The evaluation will consist of the following components:

    a. Theory
    -Continuous assessment through assignments            :   20 marks
    - Mid- term examination                                              :   30 marks
    - Final examination                                                       :   50 marks

    b. Practical                                                                            

    -Continuous assessment through assignments           :   20 marks
    - Mid- term examination                                              :   30 marks
    - Final examination                                                       :   50 marks


  • Will be done by ASCI, a unit of NSDC
  •  Course Outline
                 Topics for Theory Classes
    Overview of the soil fertility problems and management
    Soil sampling, processing and storage for analysis
    Salt affected soils and their management 
    Nutrients (N, P, K, S) dynamics in soil 
    Nutrient diagnostic techniques in plants and their management
    Role of micronutrients in crop production
    Organic farming: A tool for sustainable soil health management
    PGPR for crop production and soil health management
    Methods of composting for organic residue 
    Crop residue management for sustainable soil heath
    Crops and cropping systems for soil fertility management 

                  Topics for Practical Classes
    Determination of pH and EC in soil
    Determination of organic carbon (OC) & total organic carbon (TOC) in soil
    Determination of bulk density, particle density and porosity in soil
    Determination of soil texture (sand, silt and clay) in soil
    Determination of available Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) & Sodium (Na) in soil
    Determination of Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) & Sulphur (S) in soil
    Determination of ESP/SAR in sodic soil  
    Gypsum requirement for sodic soil
    Determination of micronutrients in soil through AAS

    Determination of micronutrients through ICP-MS