Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist

Research Interests

Dr. Baleshwar is actively contributingin research activities focusing floristics, systematics and bio-prospection of plant resources since last 22 years. He started his R&D pursuit at CSIR-IIIM, Jammu as Junior Technical Assistant in the supervision of Dr. T.N. Srivastava, Head of Herbarium Division. He has obtained his Ph.D. degree in Botany from University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh on the topic “Studies on the Systematics of the Genus Ephedra L. (Ephedraceae) in India Using PCR Based Methods”.  Presently he is working as Principal Scientist at Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium Division of CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute. He is a widely travelled person, and has made significant contributions in collections and documentation of plant resources in Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) and other parts of the country. He has substantial research experience in the area of plant diversity, systematics and phylogeny and bio-prospection of higher group of plants, particularly Himalayan plant groups like Angelica glaucaBergenia spp., Betula utilis, Ephedra spp.,GladiolusHedychium spicatum,Mentha pulegium and Sapindus spp. He also studied the floristic diversity occurring in sodic lands of reclaimed sodic soils of Uttar Pradesh and also Dima Hasao district of Assam. He has published over 30 research papers in peer reviewed journals in the area of Plant taxonomy, Genetic diversity, Phylogeny and bio-prospection of medicinally important plants. Besides, he has one patent to his credit, which was the result of the work carried out on Butea monosperma. He has successfully completed eight R&D projects on taxa specific as well as floristic aspects funded by CSIR, Uttar Pradesh Bhumi Sudhar Nigam, Lucknow, Department of Science & Technology,National Medicinal Plant Board, Remote Sensing Application Centre, Uttar Pradesh and Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga,in the capacity as an Investigator. Dr. Baleshwar is presently studying the systematics of taxonomically and medicinally important plant groups like Commiphora, Gymnema, Tinospora and Juniperus spp under projects viz., CSIR-Phytopharmaceutical Mission and Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the genus Juniperus L. (Cupressaceae) in India.

Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist

Research Summary

Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist


– Meena B., Singh N., Mahar K.S., Sharma Y.K. and Rana T.S. (2019). Molecular analysis of genetic diversity and population genetic structure in Ephedra foliata: an endemic and threatened plant species of arid and semi-arid regions of India. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 25(3):753-764.

Khan B.A., Verma R.K., Wagh V.V., Behera S.K., Baleshwar, Tamta S., Chaudhary L.B. (2018). An overview of a highly potential tree species Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. (Leguminosae) in India. Uttar Pradesh Biodiversity board pp.11-14.

Singh N., Mahar K.S., Verma S., Baleshwar, Roy R.K., Tewari S.K., GoelA.K. (2018). Molecular analysis of genetic variability and relationship among Gladiolus cultivars. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 17 (1): 118-127. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/44818.

 Pandey R., Kumar B., Meena B., Srivastava M., Mishra T., Tiwari V., Pal M., Nair K.N., Upreti D.K. and Rana T.S. (2017). Major bioactive phenolics in Bergeniaspecies from the Indian Himalayan region: Method development, validation and quantitative estimation using UHPLC-QqQLIT-MS/MS. PLoS One 12(7): e0180950. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180950.

Singh N., Pal A.K., Meena B., Roy R.K., Tamta S. and Rana T.S. (2017). Development of ISSR- and RAPD-derived SCAR markers for identification of Gladiolus germplasm. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 92(6): 577-582.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2017.1309995.

Singh N., Meena B., Pal A.K., Roy R.K., Tewari S.K., Tamta S. and Rana T.S. (2017). Nucleotide diversity and phylogenetic relationships among Gladiolus cultivars and related taxa of family Iridaceae. Journal of Genetics 96: 135-145. DOI: 10.1007/s12041-017-0755-1

 Shukla S. Mishra T., Pal M., Meena B., Rana T.S. and Upreti D.K. (2017). Comparative analysis of fatty acids and antioxidant activity of Betula utilis collected from different geographical region of India. Free Radicals and Antioxidants7(1): 80-85. DOI: 10.5530/fra.2017.1.12.

Bhatia A., Meena B., Shukla S.K., Sidhu O.P., Upreti D.K., Mishra A., Roy R., Nautiyal C.S. (2017). Determination of pentacyclic triterpenes from Betula utilis by high performance liquid chromatography and high resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Analytical Letters 50(1): 233-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00032719.2016.1165243.

Tiwari V., Meena B., Nair K.N., Upreti D.K., Tamta S. and Rana T.S. (2017). Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Bergenia stracheyi (Saxifragaceae) in the Western Himalaya (India).Biochemical Systematics and ecology 70:205-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2016.12.001.

Meena B., Tiwari V., Singh N., Mahar K.S., Sharma Y.K. and Rana T.S. (2016). Estimation of genetic variability and population structure in Ephedra gerardiana Wall. ex Stapf (Ephedraceae): An endangered and endemic high altitude medicinal plant. Agri Gene 1: 116-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aggene.2016.08.002.

 Mishra T., Arya R.K., Meena S., Joshi P., Pal M., Meena B., Upreti D.K., Rana T.S. and Datta D. (2016). Isolation, characterization and anticancer potential of cytotoxic triterpenes from Betula utilis bark. PLoS One 11(7): e0159430. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159430

Pandey N., Kumar A., Niranjan A., Lehri A., Meena B., Rana T.S., Tewari S.K. and Upreti D.K. (2016). Biochemical composition of Betula utilis D. Don bark, collected from high altitudes of Indian Himalayas. Medicinal Plants 8(1): 33-39. DOI: 10.5958/0975-6892.2016.00004.6.

Tiwari V., Mahar K.S., Singh N., Meena B., Nair K.N., Datt B., Upreti D.K., Tamta S. and Rana T.S. (2015). Genetic variability and population structure of Bergenia ciliata (Saxifragaceae) in the Western Himalaya inferred from DAMD and ISSR markers. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology60: 165-170.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2015.04.018

Mishra T., Pal M., Meena S., Datta D., Dixit P., Kumar A., Meena B., Rana T.S. and Upreti D.K. (2016). Composition and in vitro cytotoxic activities of essential oil of Hedychium spicatum from different geographical regions of western Himalaya by principal components analysis. Natural Product Research30(10): 1224-1227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2015.1049176

Pal M., Mishra T., Kumar A., Baleshwar, Upreti D.K. and Rana T.S. (2015). Chemical constituents and antimicrobial potential of essential oil from Betula utilis growing in high altitude of Himalaya (India). Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 18(5): 1078-1082. https://doi.org/10.1080/0972060X.2015.1036569.

Pal M., Mishra T., Kumar A., Baleshwar, Upreti D.K. and Rana T.S. (2015). Characterization of fatty acids in the bark of Betula utilis growing in high altitudes of Himalaya. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 51(2): 326-327. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-015-1271-2.

Datt B., Meena B. and Rana T.S. (2014). Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz. Ex Besser (Asteraceae) – An overlooked species in the Indian flora. Journal of Bombay Natural History 111(1): 67-68. 


Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist


Patent: 1 no.

Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist

Research Scholars

Mr. Abhishek Gupta, Junior Research Fellow

Mr. Pankaj Bharti, AcSIR- Junior Research Fellow

Dr. Baleshwar

Principal Scientist


Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium Division

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow-226001 (U.P.), India

Phone no.: 0522-2297848

Email: baleshwar@nbri.res.in