Dr Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 


Research Interests

  • Evaluation of non-traditional economic plants (floricultural, spices, medicinal & aromatic plants) for their yield and quality under abiotic (salt/drought/water) stress condition.
  • Soil carbon sequestration, nutrient dynamics & microbial diversity under diverse land use systems.
  • Soil and plant nutrients profiling and their management for optimum yield and quality of the plant.
  • Skill Development and Outreach Programmes/ Extension Activities.

Dr Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 

Research Details

(i)  Evaluation of non-traditional economic plants under salt stress condition:

Wasteland area is estimated to be about 557.66 lakh ha (16.96 %) in India. Out of that, 6.31 lakh ha area is under saline and sodic condition. Uttar Pradesh is the largest state of the country having 2.13 lakh ha area under saline and sodic soil, which is equal to 33.8 % of the total saline and sodic lands in India (NRSC, 2019). Salt tolerant varieties of some non-traditional crops, which can produce the valuable products under salt stress conditions are experimented for economic utilization of sodic lands. Some non-traditional crops are being evaluated for cultivation in the sodic land with their nutrient management practices. There is a need to study the proposed crops under sodic lands. Some economic plants and their varieties like, Ghritkumari (Aloe vera L.),  Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L.), Satavar (Asparagus racemosus), Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.), Marigold (Tagetis erecta L.),  Gladiolus (Gladiolus communis L.) and Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) are under evaluation with different levels of sodicity for optimum yield and quality.

Ongoing Project- To identify the potential Aloe species for cultivation in normal and salt affected soils (CSIR-FBR-MLP-0044)

In view of multifarious uses, the demand of the products of the Aloe species is increasing worldwide. Many Aloe sp. are available in the country, but their quality is not standardized for their economic utilization. Nutrients profiling in gel, juice and biochemical compounds of Aloe spp. cultivated under normal and different categories of salt affected soils shall be identified. Potential Aloe species shall be identified for specific quality parameters i.e. vitamins, enzymes, minerals, amino acids etc. Critical limits (Exchangeable Sodium Percentage-ESP) of Aloe species shall be identified for cultivation in salt affected soils.

Ongoing Project- Effect of arsenic on secondary metabolites of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and determination of critical limit in the soil for their cultivation (ICMR-RA)

Medicinal plants cultivated in arsenic contaminated regions may pose health issues in consumers. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.), a medicinal plant, has been widely used in herbal medicines worldwide. India is the largest producer of ginger and contributes approximately 45% of the world annual ginger production. In West Bengal, Koraput and Kondhamalis districts are the main pocket for ginger production and also a prone area of arsenic contamination. The presence of toxic metals in medicinal plants imposes serious health issues. Thus, it is important to investigate the chemical profile of ginger for protecting human health against arsenic hazard. Low arsenic accumulating ginger variety with high medicinal properties will be screened for safer human consumption.  

(ii)  Soil organic carbon fixation/sequestration:

In recent years, the status of soil organic carbon (SOC) has deteriorated considerably due to long periods of continuous cultivation with chemical fertilizers. The major consequence of the decrease in SOC in soil resulted lower agricultural productivity with direct negative effect on food quality and security. Soil organic carbon  plays a key role in nutrient cycling and help in improving soil structure, nutrient availability and water holding capacity, aeration and workability. We are working for developing modules on the optimum organic carbon levels for optimum yield and quality of the crops and also to identify the suitable tree species for improvement in organic carbon status and quality of the soil under cultivated land use systems in sub-tropical climatic conditions specially for Indo-Gangetic plains of the country with the aspect of carbon sequestration potential to mitigate the problems of climate change.

(iii)  Soil and plant nutrients profiling for optimum yield and quality of the plant:

General recommendations of the nutrient management for crops are not considered suitable for optimum yield and quality of the crop, which is generally practices by the farmers. The Site Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) is the present need of the development of package of practices for the specific crops in a particular soil condition. Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) is the judicious combination of organic, inorganic and bio-fertilizers. Therefore, we are working on SSNM, INM and organic farming for the non-traditional economic plants.

(iv)  Skill Development/ Outreach Programmes/ Extension Activities:

We organize ‘Skill Development Programme’ on “Soil & Water Testing Lab Analyst” under ‘Agriculture Skill Council of India (ASCI)’ through ‘National Skill Development Council (NSDC)’. Under the extension activities, popularization of soil testing and fertilizer recommendation for the crops, sodic land reclamation and its nutrient management package, selection of the crops/ plants for different sodicity levels, enrichment of the soil carbon pools by various land use practices through training and demonstration.  

Significant achievements

  • Standardized the site specific nutrient management (SSNM) package for Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and package of practices of Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata Wall. Ex Nees) for cultivation under salt affected soils, organic farming.
  • Successfully evaluated the Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal) and Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata Wall. Ex Nees) and determined the critical limit for cultivation in sodic soil.
  • Identified the practices for soil carbon sequestration under cultivated land use systems.

Dr. Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 


1.        J. Shukla, S. Mohd, A. S. Kushwaha, S. Narayan, P. N. Saxena, Lal Bahadur, Aradhana Mishra, P. A. Shirke and M. Kumar (2022) Endophytic fungus Serendipita indica reduces arsenic mobilization from root to fruit in colonized tomato plant, Environmental Pollution, 298, 118830, Impact factor- 8.071

2.     A. Tandon, Anshu, S. Kumar, U. Yadav, S. K. Mishra, S. Srivastava, P. S. Chauhan, P. K. Srivastava, Lal Bahadur, P. A. Shirke, M. Srivastava, S. K. Tewari, P. C. Singh (2022) Trichoderma primed rice straw alters structural and functional properties of sodic soil, Land Degradation & Development, 33: 698-709, Impact Factor- 4.977.  

3.       A. Raj, A. Yadav, S. Arya, R. Sirohi, S. Kumar, A. P. Rawat, R. S. Thakur, D. K. Patel, Lal Bahadur and A. Pandey (2021) Preparation, characterization and agri applications of biochar produced by pyrolysis of sewage sludge at different temperatures, Science of The Total Environment,148722, Impact Factor- 7.963

4.         S. R. Singh, P. Yadav, D. R. Singh, S. K. Shukla, M. K. Tripathi, Lal Bahadur, Aradhana Mishra and S. Kumar, (2021) Intercropping in sugarcane improved functional diversity, soil quality and crop productivity, Sugar Tech, 23(4): 794-810, Impact Factor- 1.591

5.       S. R. Singh, Poonam Yadav, Dinesh Singh, Lal Bahadur, S. P. Singh, A. S. Yadav, Aradhana Mishra, P. P. S. Yadav, and S. Kumar (2020) Impact of different crop grown systems on land nutrient index, microbial diversity and soil quality, Land Degradation & Development, 32(14): 3973-3991, Impact Factor- 4.977.

6.         S. R. Singh, P. Yadav, D. Singh, M. K. Tripathi, Lal Bahadur, S. P. Singh, Aradhana Mishra, and S. Kumar (2020) Cropping systems influence microbial diversity, soil quality and crop yields in Indo-Gangatic plains of India, European Journal of Agronomy, 121, 126152, Impact Factor- 5.124.

7.         S. Dwivedi, A. Kumar, S. Mishra, P. Sharma, G. Sinam, Lal Bahadur, V. Goyal, N. Jain and R. D. Tripathi (2020) Orthosilicic acid (OSA) reduced grain arsenic accumulation and enhanced yield by modulating the level of trace element, antioxidants and thiols in rice, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27 (19): 24025-24038. Impact Factor- 4.223.

8.      S. Kumar, A. Singh, B. Kumar, B. Singh, Lal Bahadur and M. Lal (2018) Simultaneous quantitative determination of bioactive terpene indole alkaloids in ethanolic extracts of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 151, 32-41. Impact Factor- 2.983.

9.        P. Chandra, R.  Kannaujia, A.  Saxena, M.  Srivastava, Lal  Bahadur, M. Pal, B. P. Singh, S. K. Ojha and B. Kumar, (2016) Quantitative determination of multi markers in five varieties of Withania somnifera using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer combined with multivariate analysis: Application to pharmaceutical dosage forms, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 129: 419–426, Impact Factor- 3.255.

10.      P. Chandra, R. Kannaujia, R. Pandey, S. Shukla, Lal Bahadur, M. Pal and B. Kumar (2016) Rapid Quantitative Analysis of Multi-Components in Andrographis Paniculata using UPLC-QqQLIT-MS/MS: Application to Soil Sodicity and Organic Farming, Industrial Crops and Products, 83:423-430, Impact Factor- 3.181.

11.      Lal Bahadur and D. D. Tiwari (2014) Nutrient management in Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) through sulphur and biofertilizers, Legume Research, 37 (2): 180-187, Impact Factor- 0.146.

12.      Lal Bahadur, D. D. Tiwari, J. Mishra and B. R. Gupta (2013) Nutrient management in rice- wheat cropping sequence under sodic soil, Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 61 (4): 341-346.

13.      Lal Bahadur, D. D. Tiwari, J. Mishra and B. R. Gupta (2013) Evaluation of integrated nutrient management options in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)-Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system in reclaimed sodic land, Indian Journal of Agronomy, 58 (2): 137-145.

14.     Lal Bahadur, D. D. Tiwari, J. Mishra and B. R. Gupta (2012) Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield, microbial population and changes in soil properties under rice- wheat cropping system in sodic soil, Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 60 (4): 326-329.

15.       V. K. Garg and Lal Bahadur (2011) Effect of sodicity on growth, cation composition, yield and quality of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 33 (2): 165-171.

Dr Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 


Dr Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 

Research Scholars

  1. Dr. Manoj Kumar Gupta, Senior Project Associate
  2. Dr. Priyanka Maurya, Senior Project Associate
  3. Dr. Surabhi Awasthi, ICMR-RA
  4. Ms. Pratibha Verma, CSIR-JRF
  5. Ms. Isha Verma, Project Associate-I
  6. Ms. Harshita Verma, Project Associate-I
  7. Ms. Tanu Gangwar, Project Associate-I

Dr Lal Bahadur

Senior Scientist 


Soil Science Laboratory,

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute,

Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, 226001

Email: lb.yadav@nbri.res.in

Phone no.: 9795875336, 0522-2297915